**Subject Code:53008 L:3 T/P/D:1 Credits:3 Int. Marks:25 Ext. Marks:75 Total Marks:100**

**UNIT I: Fluid statics:**

**Dimensions and units: physical properties of fluids- specific gravity, viscosity surface tension- vapor pressure and their influence on fluid motion- atmospheric gauge and vacuum pressure –measurement of pressure- Piezometer, U-tube and differential manometers.**

**UNIT II: Fluid kinematics: & Fluid dynamics:**

**Fluid kinematics: stream line, path line and streak lines and stream tube, classification of flows-steady & unsteady, uniform, non uniform, laminar, turbulent, rotational, and irrotational flows-equation of continuity for one dimensional flow.**

**Fluid dynamics: surface and body forces –Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along a stream line, momentum equation and its application on force on pipe bend.**

**UNIT III: Closed conduit flow:**

**Reynold’s experiment- Darcy Weisbach equation- Minor losses in pipes- pipes in series and pipes in parallel- total energy line-hydraulic gradient line. Measurement of flow: pilot tube, venturimeter, and orifice meter, Flow nozzle, Turbine flow meter (Ref.4)**

**UNIT IV: Basics of turbo machinery:**

**hydrodynamic force of jets on stationary and moving flat, inclined, and curved vanes, jet striking centrally and at tip, velocity diagrams, work don and efficiency, flow over radial vanes.**

**UNIT V: Hydroelectric power stations:**

**Elements of hydro electric power station-types-concept of pumped storage plants-storage requirements, mass curve (explanation only) estimation of power developed from a given catchment area; heads and efficiencies.**

**UNIT VI: Hydraulic Turbines:**

**classification of turbines, impulse and reaction turbines, Pelton wheel, Francis turbine and Kaplan turbine-working proportions, work done, efficiencies , hydraulic design –draft tube- theory- functions and efficiency.**

**UNIT VII: Performance of hydraulic turbines:**

**Geometric similarity, Unit and specific quantities, characteristic curves, governing of turbines, selection of type of turbine, cavitation, surge tank, water hammer.**

**UNIT VIII: Centrifugal pumps:**

**classification, working, work done – manomertic head- losses and efficiencies- specific speed- pumps in series and parallel-performance characteristic curves, NPSH. Reciprocating pumps: Working, Discharge, slip, indicator diagrams**

**TEXT BOOKS:**

**1. Hydraulics, fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machinery MODI and SETH.**

**2. Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Rajput.**

**REFERENCE BOOKS:**

**1. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering by D.S. Kumar, Kotaria & Sons.**

**2. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery by D. Rama Durgaiah, New Age International.**

**3. Hydraulic Machines by Banga & Sharma, Khanna Publishers.**

**4. Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements by James W. Dally, William E. Riley ,John Wiley & Sons Inc. 2004 (Chapter 12 – Fluid Flow Measurements)**